New PDF release: A Minimalist Approach to Scrambling: Evidence from Persian

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By Simin Karimi

This research addresses the issues scrambling langauges offer for the prevailing syntactic theories through interpreting the interplay of semantic and discourse sensible elements with syntactic houses of be aware order during this form of languages, and through discussing the consequences of this interplay for common Grammar. 3 interrelated pursuits are conscientiously during this paintings. the 1st is to research the syntactic constitution of Persian, a language which indicates unfastened observe order. With this research, the writer has accounted for the relative order of classified expressions, the incentive for his or her attainable rearrangements, and the grammatical result of these reorderings. during this recognize, a vast variety of significant syntactic phenomena, together with item shift, Case, prolonged Projection precept (EPP), binding, and scope interpretation of quantifiers, interrogative words, adverbial words, and unfavorable parts are tested. This monograph is the 1st significant theoretical paintings ever released on Persian, and consequently fills the prevailing hole via offering perception into the syntactic constitution of this language. the second one objective is to attach those insights to related linguistic homes in languages within which scrambling happens (e.g. German, Dutch, Hindi, Russian, eastern, and Korean), and to supply a deeper figuring out of this team of genetically different, yet typologically comparable languages. the ultimate and critical target is to situate the result of this paintings in the framework of the Minimalist software (MP). The investigations during this examine point out that scrambling isn't an not obligatory rule, and that convinced ideas of MP, comparable to the minimum hyperlink situation, are just probably violated in those languages. additionally, it truly is proven that cautious research of scrambling with admire to binding and scope relatives, and a reanalysis of the houses of A and A' activities, forged a few doubts at the relevance of a typology of move in typical language.

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Example text

2. where Saito’s recent views are discussed). Assuming a configurational status for Dutch and German, Riemsdijk (1989) suggests that free word order in these languages arises from the base-generation of hierarchical structures in which the arguments and adjuncts are arbitrarily distributed. Neeleman (1994) makes a distinction between ordinary scrambling and focus in Dutch, and states that only the latter is the result of movement. Bayer and Kornfilt (1994) argue along the same lines. They suggest that non-focal scrambling is not the result of movement, but rather is base generated in its overt position.

The Minimalist Program In this project, we employ the syntactic model known as the Minimalist Program as laid out by Chomsky (1993, 1994, 1995, 2000, 2001a) and specifically Chomsky’s Derivation by Phase (2001b)13. Below, we briefly outline the basic assumptions underlying the Minimalist Program as far as they are relevant to the theoretical analyses in this project. 1. Basic assumption The basic assumptions of MP employed in this work are described below14: Merge and Move: the computational system consists of two recursive operations: Merge and Move.

If, for example, X in (45) contains the feature F, and both WP and ZP contain the feature F’, MLC allows Agree between X and WP, but not X and ZP. (45) XP X' Spec YP X Y' WP ZP Y Economy: the derivation of a sentence is subject to general conditions of the Principle of Economy, restated in (46). (46) Principle of Economy (Chomsky 1995: 367) a. Add optional α to the numeration only if it has an effect at the interface. b. At each stage of a derivation, apply the most economical operation that leads to convergence.

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