H. Schneider, A. L. Rosenberger (auth.), Marilyn A. Norconk,'s Adaptive Radiations of Neotropical Primates PDF

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By H. Schneider, A. L. Rosenberger (auth.), Marilyn A. Norconk, Alfred L. Rosenberger, Paul A. Garber (eds.)

This choice of 29 papers grew out of a symposium entitled "Setting the longer term time table for Neotropical Primates. " The symposium was once held on the division of Zoo­ logical examine, nationwide Zoological Park, Washington D. C. , on February 26-27, 1994, and used to be subsidized via the Wenner-Gren starting place for Anthropological learn, Smith­ sonian establishment, and acquaintances of the nationwide Zoo. We placed the symposium including goals: to honor Warren G. Kinzey for his contributions to the growing to be box of platyrrhine stories and to supply researchers who paintings within the Neotropics with the oppor­ tunity to debate fresh advancements, to spot components of analysis that require extra research, and particularly to aid advisor the subsequent iteration of researchers. The symposium supplied the chance to acknowledge Warren as a mentor and col­ laborator to the contribution of the research of platyrrhines. Contributions to the publication have been multiplied so as to supply a extra entire view of platyrrhine evolution and ecology, to stress the interdisciplinary nature of lots of those experiences, and to excessive­ gentle the crucial function that New international monkeys play in advancing primatology. If this vol­ ume have been to require significant revisions after only one extra decade of analysis, that may be a becoming testomony to Warren's enthusiasm and his force to repeatedly replace the sphere with new principles and techniques. Tributes to Warren and an inventory of his courses were released in other places (Norconk, 1994, 1996; Rosenberger 1994, 1995).

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Introduced and hybridizing in numerous regions to the south. See Hill (1960) See Hershkovitz (1990) See Kobayashi and Langguth (1994) See Bonvicino et al. (1989) Callithrix kuhli Rio Doce - Espirito Santo, Minas Gerais Observations Considered to be a species: Callithrix kuhli v. Ry1ands et al. (1993) Considered a species, Leontopithecus chyrsomelas See Hershkovitz (1990) See Santos et al. (1987), Oliver and Santos (1991) See Lemos de Sa et al. (1993), Coimbra Filho et al. fusca occurred in southern Bahia.

Alouatta caraya, occurring in central Brazil, Paraguay and northern Argentina, is known to occur in some of the westernmost parts of the Atlantic forest in, for example, the state of Sao Paulo. , 1994). This excludes a hiatus, extending between the north bank of the Rio Doce and the extreme south of Bahia, where it would seem that it has never existed (Aguirre, 1971). The southernmost locality recorded by Martuscelli et al. (1994) is the Morro Tres Pont5es, Guaraquecyaba, in the extreme north-east of Parana.

Jacchus and C. penicillata, and probably in competition with syntopic Saguinus (Ferrari, 1993b). Interestingly, the phylogenetic trees arising from cytogenetic studies indicate Callithrix emiliae from Rondonia, geographically the nearest marmoset to Cebuella, as its closest relative (Nagamachi, 1995). In summary, therefore, we propose three scenarios: 1) First half of the Tertiary with the Amazonian and Atlantic forests coalesced and populated by ancestors of Alouatta, Callicebus, a callitrichine, an ateline, and perhaps Cebus apella; 2) Mid-Tertiary with the first set of repeated climatic cycles giving rise to a separation of the Amazon and Atlantic forests, and resulting in evolutionary lineages leading to Brachyteles in the Atlantic forest, and Ateles in the Amazon (Lagothrix had already differentiated in the upper Amazon), Saguinus in the northern Amazon, and Callithrix and Leontopithecus in the southern and eastern portions of Brazil; 3) Late Tertiary - early Pleistocene with further cycles (the Atlantic forest already mostly separated from the Amazon) giving rise to species and subspecies in all of the Atlantic forest primates.

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