Alexander The Great In Fact And Fiction - download pdf or read online
By A. B. Bosworth, E. J. Baynham
Вокруг имени Александра Македонского сложилось множество легенд. Эта работа представляет собой подборку исследований крупных западных историков, в которых производится попытка отделить правду от вымысла.
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Extra resources for Alexander The Great In Fact And Fiction
Given the large circular shields of the Greeks and their massed formation, the wounds inflicted by the sarisae would have been predominantly in the face and throat—otherwise in the groin. There was a similar scene at the end of the battle of the Hydaspes, when the Indian battle line was entrapped by the phalanx and a cordon of illustrations in Codex Duran and the Codex Florentino, containing Sahagún’s Historia General. Cortés himself was away from the scene of the massacre, but even so he considered it prudent to omit it from his Second Narrative Letter, stating only that the Indians were in revolt.
In both cases the spectacular campaigns of a handful of years changed the political map of the world. Alexander invaded Asia Minor in the spring of 334 , and a mere four years later he had overrun the greater part of the Near East, occupied the central capitals of the Persian Empire, and annexed the accumulated treasure of the imperial people he defeated. As a direct result of the campaigns the world from Macedon in the north to Egypt in the south and to Afghanistan in the east came under the control of a Graeco-Roman elite.
His authority lapsed during his long absence, when rumours of his death were rife, and, although he was able to re-establish himself temporarily on his return, he was suspended from his governorship, subjected to an official investigation, and returned to Spain in 1528. For Alexander the consequences were less harmful. He was able to restore his authority by systematic execution of his subordinates, and he neutralized the resentment of the army by mass demobilization of his veterans. Perhaps the most damaging 47 According to Curtius (9.