V.A. Lefebvre's Algebra of Conscience: A Comparative Analysis of Western and PDF

By V.A. Lefebvre

In this publication moral platforms are defined within the language of arithmetic. commonly arithmetic is assumed to be a technological know-how of volume. certainly, manipulation of amounts constitutes a lot of arithmetic. basic utilized arithmetic offers with reckoning and size, the place concrete amounts are items of awareness, reminiscent of counting sheep or weighing corno however the operations on those amounts are played with assistance from symbols, from which concrete referents were 'abstracted out': three + five = eight whether the symbols stand for numbers of sheep or hundreds corno hence, the 1st precept that shows the ability of arithmetic is abstraction. it really is one ofthe 3 pillars on which the edifice of arithmetic rests. one other pillar is precision. regularly, guy communicates by way of phrases. W ords serve communique to the level that they seek advice from issues, occasions, states of affairs, emotions of the speaker, etc. those are the meanings attributed to phrases. conversation is profitable to the level that the meanings coded upon phrases by means of the speaker correspond to the meanings decoded by means of the hearer. As is weH recognized, the measure ofthis correspondence varies vastly in numerous contexts of discourse and with the again­ grounds or attitudes of the audio system and hearers. arithmetic is a language during which the meanings ofthe symbols (the 'words' ofthis language) are totally specified. This precision is completed by way of abstraction. summary phrases are outlined through their relatives to different phrases and via not anything else.

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Extra resources for Algebra of Conscience: A Comparative Analysis of Western and Soviet Ethical Systems

Sample text

Let both work in the environment which ofIers 1 with the probability p and owith the probability 1 - p. It is easy to see that the automaton. 6a) will generate 1 if it has 1 at the first input or zeroes at both inputs. Thus, the probability of obtaining 1 at the output is Yl = 1- p+ p2. 6b) will generate 1 ifit has 1 at the first input, or if it has 0 at the first input and 1 at the second. Thus, the probability of obtaining 1 at the output is We can see that (1) Yl=Y2 if p_l. - 2' (2) Y2>Y2 if p

4 7 A malefactor can be punished more severely than the law requires, ifthis may serve as a deterrent for others. A doctor should not conceal from a patient that he has cancer, in order to diminish his suffering. A doctor should conceal from a patient that he has cancer, in order to diminish his suffering. 7 Two-tailed confidential interval for p=95% Data from a study comparing Soviet and American attitudes toward ethical compromise and ethical confrontation. , - 0 0 Z ('l t""' > == 0 8 CHAPTER I group reflects compromise between 'good' and 'evil', the second confrontation between 'good' and 'evil'.

7) ab + ba A and B are in conflict. A has a correct image of B; B has a correct image of A. (8) a"+b ii (9) aa+b + bb+a A and B are in conflict. Both ofthem have incorrect images of each other. A and B are in conflict. Each of them has correct images of A and Band of their relationships. A and B are in conflict. Each of them reflects this fact correctly. A has correct images ofhimself and of B. B has incorrect images of both hirnself and A. A and B are in conflict. A has a correct image of conflict, but B believes they are in union.

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