Download e-book for iPad: Caves: Processes, Development and Management by David Gillieson
By David Gillieson
This ebook is geared toward scholars of the average atmosphere, however it also will entice these - cavers, environmental managers and box naturalists - who're focused on the underground international and its population. it's illustrated all through with pictures, maps and line diagrams, just about all of that are unique to the book.Content:
Chapter 1 The Cave procedure and Karst (pages 1–13):
Chapter 2 Cave Hydrology (pages 14–58):
Chapter three techniques of Cave improvement (pages 59–114):
Chapter four Cave Formations (pages 115–142):
Chapter five Cave Sediments (pages 143–166):
Chapter 6 courting Cave Deposits (pages 167–187):
Chapter 7 Cave Deposits and prior Climates (pages 188–202):
Chapter eight Cave Ecology (pages 203–236):
Chapter nine Cave administration (pages 237–267):
Chapter 10 Catchment administration in Karst (pages 268–299):
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Extra info for Caves: Processes, Development and Management
Although the spring thaw may be the annual hydrologic event of greatest magnitude in most of the arctic, in the Nahanni intense summer storms have profound effects. After 203 mm of rain over a week, the poljes filled as marginal sinks were incapable of coping with the inflow. At Raven Lake alone the water level rose by 49 m. Alluviation of the poljes is held to account for the periodic flooding, and although the karst system can cope with annual snowmelt runoff, low frequency spring and summer storms may have a greater role in karst development in the region than was hitherto realized.
The large proportion of baseflow discharge, and the dependence of solute load on flood discharges. From Julian and Nicod (1989). 14 the Evian mineral water source is of the diffuse type, while the Source de Surgeint aquifer is probably more fissured. Most of the other examples are of the mixed conduit type, with a number of populations of unique geochemical evolution contributing to the final histogram. Structure and Function of Karst Drainage Systems Storage and transfers in the karst system One consequence of the model of Smart and Hobbs (1986) is that spring hydrograph response can be affected by combinations of recharge, storage and flow processes.
6 The resurgence of Longgong Dong (Dragon Palace Cave), Guizhou, China, is harnessed for a hydroelectric plant. as well as being used for tourism. Inside the cave the water from a 600", long lake falls 36m to the entrance. produce sound interpretations unless some knowledge of the nature of storage and flow characteristics can be obtained. 16). If the major storages and fluxes in this scheme can be quantified, then the response of karst drainage systems to recharge events and to human-induced changes can be better estimated.