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By Cicero, Walter Miller
Cicero (Marcus Tullius, 106–43 BCE), Roman legal professional, orator, baby-kisser and thinker, of whom we all know greater than of the other Roman, lived throughout the stirring period which observed the increase, dictatorship, and loss of life of Julius Caesar in a tottering republic. In his political speeches in particular and in his correspondence we see the buzz, rigidity and intrigue of politics and the half he performed within the turmoil of the time. Of approximately 106 speeches, added ahead of the Roman humans or the Senate in the event that they have been political, sooner than jurors if judicial, fifty eight continue to exist (a few of them incompletely). within the fourteenth century Petrarch and different Italian humanists chanced on manuscripts containing greater than 900 letters of which greater than 800 have been written via Cicero and approximately a hundred through others to him. those manage to pay for a revelation of the guy the entire extra remarkable simply because such a lot weren't written for ebook. Six rhetorical works live on and one other in fragments. Philosophical works contain seven extant significant compositions and a few others; and a few misplaced. there's additionally poetry, a few unique, a few as translations from the Greek. The Loeb Classical Library variation of Cicero is in twenty-nine volumes.
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Still, I do not mean to find fault with the accumulation of property, provided it hurts nobody, but unjust acquisition of it is always to be avoided. The great majority of people, however, when they fall a prey to ambition for either mihtary or civil authority, are carried away by it so completely that they quite lose sight of the claims of justice. For Ennius says There No is faith no fellowship inviolate, when kingship is keptj is concerned;" and the truth of his words has an uncommonly wide appHcation.
Vetant quicquam agere, quod dubites iniquum. de Quocirca bene praecipiunt, qui aequum Aequitas enim lucet ipsa per sit an se, dubitatio cogitationem significat iniuriae. 31 X. Sed incidunt saepe maxime videntur digna quem virum bonum tempora, esse iusto cum ea, quae homine eoque, dicimus, commutantur fiuntque contraria, ut reddere depositum, facere promissum- quaeque pertinent ad veritatem et ad fidem, ea mi30 BOOK I. ix-x sort of aversion to their fellow-men, claim that they are occupied solely with their own affairs, without seeming to themselves to be doing anyone any injury.
Confirmari MSS. e. fortified). ' ; ; ; ; 8 BOOK I. ii-iii schools should claim to be consistent, they could not say anything about duty ; and no fixed, invariable, natural rules of duty can be posited except by those say that moral goodness is worth seeking solely Accordingly, the teachits own sake. ing of ethics is the pecuhar right of the Stoics, the Academicians, and the Peripatetics for the theories of Aristo, Pyrrho, and Erillus have been long since rejected; and yet they would have the right to discuss duty if they had left us any power of choosing between things, so that there might be a way of fmding out what duty is.