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Human Rights

By Esther D. Reed

The belief of safeguard has lately noticeable a surge of curiosity from political philosophers. After the atrocities of eleven September 2001 and seven July 2005, many prime politicians justified encroachments on foreign felony criteria and civil liberties within the identify of safety and with a purpose to holding the rights of the folk. feedback have been made on each side of the Atlantic to the influence that the extremism of terrorism required the protection of the numerous to be weighed opposed to the liberties of different voters. during this choice of essays, Jeremy Waldron, Conor Gearty, Tariq Modood, David Novak, Abdelwahab El-Affendi and others debate the way to circulate past the fake dichotomy wherein primary human rights and foreign criteria are conceived as anything to be balanced opposed to defense. in addition they learn the declare that this goal may well higher be complex by way of the inclusion in public debate of explicitly non secular voices.

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Extra info for Civil Liberties, National Security and Prospects for Consensus: Legal, Philosophical and Religious Perspectives

Sample text

But that does not mean there cannot be trade-offs between liberty and security, in a sense of security that is tied more closely to safety. The dimension of assurance is added to the pure safety conception. It shouldn’t be conceived of as a way of making the concern for pure safety evaporate. The point I am making is a delicate one. I do think we need to deepen our notion of security so that it is not just a matter of probability of bodily harm, and I do think that any reasonable notion of security has to indicate some degree of confidence or assurance in regard to the goods it protects.

Liberty is sometimes thought of as concerned with the individual qua individual and, on other occasions, with the individual within society: at one moment the word seems to be about the need to be left alone by all authority, while at the next, it positively suggests active participation in the government of the state. 2 The term ‘security’ has a similar range and equivalent levels of vagueness. 3 The field of counter-terrorism has grown out of this orientation of 1 2 3 J. Waldron, ‘Security and Liberty: The Image of Balance’, Journal of Political Philosophy, Vol.

90–5. safety and security 25 These are difficult questions. We need to explore the possibility that diminutions or enhancements in security may be unevenly distributed, that the government may respond to a threat to the security of some but not to a threat to the security of others. Above all, we need to say something about the prospect that the security of some is protected or enhanced only because the security of others has been reduced (and reduced or even threatened by state activity, not just by neglect).

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