New PDF release: Clean Energy Systems in the Subsurface: Production, Storage

Nonfiction 8

By Tianbao Qin (auth.), Michael Z. Hou, Heping Xie, Patrick Were (eds.)

Anthropogenic greenhouse gasoline emissions, power protection and sustainability are 3 of the best modern worldwide demanding situations this present day. This 12 months the Sino-German Cooperation staff “Underground garage of CO2 and Energy”, is assembly at the 21-23 might 2013 for the second one time in Goslar, Germany, to convene its 3rd Sino-German convention at the topic “Clean power platforms within the Subsurface: creation, garage and Conversion”.

This quantity is a set of numerous caliber medical works from diversified views elucidating at the present advancements in CO2 geologic sequestration study to lessen greenhouse emissions together with measures to watch floor leakage, groundwater caliber and the integrity of caprock, whereas making sure a enough provide of fresh strength. The contributions herein were dependent into 6 significant thematic learn subject matters:

  • Integrated strength and Environmental usage of Geo-reservoirs: legislations, chance administration & Monitoring
  • CO2 for greater gasoline and Oil restoration, Coal Bedded Methane and Geothermal Systems
  • Trapping Mechanisms and Multi-Barrier Sealing platforms for long term CO2 Storage
  • Coupled THMC-Processes and Numerical Modelling
  • Rock Mechanical Behaviour contemplating Cyclic Loading, Dilatancy, harm, Self-sealing and Healing
  • Underground garage and provide of Energy

“Clean strength platforms within the subsurface” might be worthwhile to researchers, scientists and specialists in either academia and looking for an enduring method to the issues of world weather switch, power protection and sustainability.

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Extra resources for Clean Energy Systems in the Subsurface: Production, Storage and Conversion: Proceedings of the 3rd Sino-German Conference “Underground Storage of CO2 and Energy”, Goslar, Germany, 21-23 May 2013

Example text

1 Assessment Methodology 31 Safety and environmental impact of CO2 storage must be considered on two different scales:  globally as part of the indirect contribution of CCS and EGR to implement climate protection goals  locally and therefore storage site-based within the framework of possible direct influences of CO2 storage on local protected resources The following remarks relate solely to the immediate, storage site-related environmental impacts of CCS and EGR. The risk assessments for CO2 are valid for EGR, mutatis mutandis, but there may be additional EGR hazards through handling natural and associated gases.

It is also important to connect the CCS legislation to existing laws such as EIA law. Due to the cross-sectoral and cross-regional characteristic of CCS, it is hard for Chinese authorities to establish a sound supervision and regulatory framework. There are three choices for the government. The first mode is to expand the scope of the application of the existing regulatory framework; the second mode is to rely on market mechanisms and minimize government intervention; the third mode is to establish a special regulatory framework for CCS.

There is dissolution of the CO2gas-phase in groundwater as CO2gel always occurs at the contact area between the gas and aqueous phase and is diluted by dispersion processes during transport. Only at very low leakage rates in the resource formation or by low migration rates relative to the thickness of each aquifer does a complete dissolution of the CO2gas occur in groundwater. The basic processes between CO2gas, the weakly mineralized groundwater and the rock matrix are known and have been relatively well examined for some time.

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