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By Larry Butler

This can be a research of the evolving dating among the British colonial kingdom and the copper mining in Northern Rhodesia, from the early levels of improvement to decolonization, encompassing melancholy, wartime mobilization and basic adjustments within the nature and context of colonial rule. It explores the important significance of Northern Rhodesian copper to British monetary and strategic pursuits, and to Britain's bold post-war plans to combine its primary African territories. one of the key issues addressed are modern debates at the possession of mineral assets and at the colonial state's accountability to advertise and keep an eye on mining improvement and the wealth it generated.

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Additional info for Copper Empire: Mining and the Colonial State in Northern Rhodesia, c.1930-64

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20 The trend towards consolidation in the mining industry led in 1930 to the merger of Bwana Mkubwa, Rhodesia Congo Border Concessions (formed in 1923 by Beatty and Oppenheimer) and Nchanga Properties to form the Rhokana Corporation. Anticipating a recurring theme in mining history, Oppenheimer and Geddes felt that a large company would be better able to resist state interference, as well as to hold its own in negotiations with the BSAC and to make itself heard in any future discussions on output restriction.

51 Nevertheless, the agreement reached at Ottawa could not conceal important differences between Empire copper producers. For the Copperbelt, the primary concern in the early 1930s was to resume development and full-scale production. Yet, as the Colonial Office was aware, there were ‘extremely powerful interests’, both within and outside the Empire, keen to delay the resumption of Northern Rhodesian development. Specifically, the Canadians argued that their output could meet all the copper requirements of the parties to the Ottawa Agreement.

Meanwhile, the spectacular developments on the Copperbelt had attracted the interest of Southern Rhodesian politicians, many of whom lost interest in a merger with South Africa, where the pro-British Smuts regime had temporarily been displaced by Afrikaner Nationalists in 1924. Instead, amalgamation with the copper-rich north became a key political aim. The Northern Rhodesian settlers initially saw little advantage in such a change, and remained suspicious that Southern Rhodesia’s interest in a merger was at least partly driven by a desire to tap into the Copperbelt’s wealth.

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