Desalination: Water from Water by Jane Kucera PDF
By Jane Kucera
This is the 1st quantity to hide desalination in such intensity and element, delivering engineers, technicians, and operators complete insurance of the functions, economics, and expectancies of what is going to definitely develop into some of the most vital water-related approaches at the planet. masking thermal methods and membrane methods, this can be the one quantity any engineer operating in desalination should have, masking either functional and theoretical matters encountered on an everyday basis. guaranteed to be a huge contribution to the water administration community.
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Extra resources for Desalination: Water from Water
Desalination is, and will be in the future, a viable and even necessary technique for generating fresh water from water of relatively low quality. In this chapter, and in this entire book, we make the case for desalination as one of the major tools for meeting the fresh water needs of a growing planet. Thus, the title of this book, Desalination: Water from Water. 2 How Much Water is There? 1. More than 97%, or about 1338 million km3, of the world’s water is seawater [3, 4]. Eighty percent of the remaining water is bound up as snow in permanent glaciers or as permafrost .
4) . The WHO estimates that by 2025, the world-wide demand for fresh water will exceed supply by 56% . 3 Additional Water Stress Due to Climate Change While population growth and per capita increase in demand are two major water stressors, the impact of climate change on global water stress cannot be ignored. The effects of climate change actually work synergistically with population growth and increasing demand to strain water supply as population and industrialization grow, climate change accelerates, leading to more drastic climate events such as drought.
1 m3/d) . 10 Global installed desalination capacity by technology for 2010 and 2011 [18, 19]. Courtesy of Global Water Intelligence. at just under 5 m3/d) . 11 shows the fraction of total global desalination capacity by region since 2003 . Since 2003, growth in desalination technologies is still led by the Middle East (Saudi Arabia and UAE). 11 Fraction of total global desalination capacity by region since 2003 . Courtesy of Global Water Intelligence. in desalination capacity since 2003 are Spain, United States, China, Algeria, Australia, Israel, and India, respectively .