Get Dignity in Adversity: Human Rights in Troubled Times PDF
By Seyla Benhabib
The language of human rights has develop into the general public vocabulary of our modern international. sarcastically, because the political effect of human rights has grown, their philosophical justification has develop into ever extra controversial.
Building on a conception of discourse ethics and communicative rationality, this e-book addresses the politics and philosophy of human rights opposed to the heritage of the wider social modifications which are shaping the trendy global. Rejecting the relief of overseas human rights to the computer virus of a neo-liberal empire's bid for international energy, in addition to the conservative objections to felony cosmopolitanism as encroachments upon democratic sovereignty, Benhabib develops key thoughts to maneuver past those fake antitheses. foreign human rights norms want contextualization in particular polities via methods of what she calls 'democratic iterations.' additionally, such norms have a 'jurisgenerative power,' in that they permit new actors to go into fields of social and political contestation; they advertise new vocabularies for public claim-making and count on a justice to come.
Ranging over issues corresponding to sovereignty, citizenship, genocide, eu anti-semitism, the predicament of the countryside, and the 'scarf affair' in modern Europe and Turkey, this significant new ebook by way of certainly one of our major political theorists displays upon the political variations of our occasions and makes a compelling case for a cosmopolitanism with no illusions.
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Additional info for Dignity in Adversity: Human Rights in Troubled Times
Prompted by these developments and questions, this volume opens with two chapters on European anti-Semitism as discussed by Hork heimer and Adorno, on the one hand, anci Arendt and Lemkin, on the other. In their time, the European Enlightenment confronted its "others " first in the Jews of Europe, from the wealthy banking fami lies of England and France to the huddled masses of Poland and Silesia. In Horkheimer and Adorno's view, this encounter proved disastrous, not only because it culminated in the Holocaust but also because it revealed a deep rot in the Western understanding of reason as ratio, as the search for abstract equivalence.
An adequate analysis of modern anti-Semitism therefore required new categories of thought. And to forge these categories, Arendt believed, it was necessary to reassess not only Jewish history, but European history as a whole. 35 Arendt's understanding of anti-Semitism challenged established views that anti-Semitism was a constant in history in several important ways. First, it suggested that it was possible, and, indeed, 31 HORKHEIMER, A D O RN O , AN D AREN DT necessary to construct a theory of anti-Semitism.
41 Not only was there a fatal lack of clarity in how a national minority was to be defined, but the fact that the protection of minority rights applied only to the succes sor states of the defeated powers, and not to Great Britain, France, and Italy, which refused to consider the extension of the minority treaties to their own territories, created cynicism about the motiva tions of the Allied Powers in supporting minority rights in the first place. This situation led to anomalies whereby, for example, the German minority in Czechoslovakia could petition the League of Nations for the protection of its rights, but the large German minority in Italy could not.