New PDF release: Drinking in Context: Patterns, Interventions, and
By Gerry V. Stimson
Consuming beverage alcohol is a frequent resource of person and social excitement in such a lot nations world wide. but, a few consuming styles may end up in severe actual, psychological, and social harms. ingesting in Context is meant to counterpoint current volumes facing overseas alcohol coverage through targeting 3 major issues: ingesting styles, specified interventions, and partnership improvement. An knowing that styles of consuming are vital predictors of results has resulted in a turning out to be consciousness that alcohol rules and prevention innovations have to specialise in over the top or irresponsible consuming. therefore, there was a shift in the direction of interventions that deal with the precise relief of injury. those methods realize socio-cultural modifications and keep away from attempting to impose a one-size-fits-all resolution. during this context, multi-stakeholder partnerships supply a superb chance to advertise the complicated mixture of measures required by way of every one society. Shared obligations result in shared options.
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Additional info for Drinking in Context: Patterns, Interventions, and Partnerships
Illicit alcohol—often counterfeit or produced to circumvent high taxation or bans on production—is frequently reported as a source of health problems and has been linked with organized crime in a number of countries. Although the consumption of home-produced beverages cuts across classes and groups in many countries, noncommercial alcohol is largely consumed in rural areas and may be preferred among certain ethnic or socioeconomic groups (reviewed in Haworth & Simpson, 2004). For example, ethnicity is linked to consumption of cachaça, a local cane spirit in Brazil.
The pace of reform is excruciatingly slow, however, and with every new challenge facing the public health sector, mental health is once more relegated to the shadows. Thus, for example, mental health is completely absent from the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) (Sachs & McArthur, 2005), which set out a vision for development focusing on health and education, in spite of mental health’s close link with many of the individual MDGs (Miranda & Patel, 2005). Virtually all population-based studies of the risk factors for mental disorders—particularly, depressive and anxiety disorders and substance abuse disorders—consistently show higher prevalence among the poor and marginalized.
To date, there is no means of assessing the value of this contribution of alcohol in a quantitative fashion. As addressed in the Annex, the inability to include the positive psychosocial contribution of alcohol to health and wellbeing in any calculations of net benefit and harm represents a significant confounder in the available analyses. FROM PATTER NS TO POLICY Drinking patterns vary significantly across countries and cultures. Across centuries and across national borders, humankind has found myriad ways to consume alcohol.