Empire of Souls: Robert Bellarmine and the Christian - download pdf or read online
By Stefania Tutino
Robert Bellarmine was once one of many pillars of post-Reformation Catholicism: he used to be a celebrated theologian and a hugely ranked member of the Congregations of the Inquisition and of the Index, the censor answerable for the Galileo affair. Bellarmine was once additionally some of the most unique political theorists of his time, and he participated without delay in lots of of the political conflicts that agitated Europe among the tip of the 16th and the start of the 17th century. Stefania Tutino deals the 1st full-length research of the impression of Bellarmine's idea of the potestas indirecta in early glossy Europe. Following the reactions to Bellarmine's conception throughout nationwide and confessional limitations, this e-book explores one of the most an important political and theological knots within the background of post-Reformation Europe, from the debate over the Oath of Allegiance to the conflict over the Interdetto in Venice. The booklet units these political and spiritual controversies opposed to the history of the theological and institutional advancements of the post-Tridentine Catholic Church. via studying the violent and from time to time striking controversies originated through Bellarmine's concept, this e-book demanding situations a number of the conventional assumptions concerning the theological form of post-Tridentine Catholicism; it deals a clean standpoint at the centrality of the hyperlinks among confessional association and political allegiance within the improvement of the fashionable geographical regions; and it contributes to our figuring out of the advance of 'modern' notions of strength and authority.
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Extra info for Empire of Souls: Robert Bellarmine and the Christian Commonwealth (Oxford Studies in Historical Theology)
The centrality of Thomism in Bellarmine’s thought, however, does not imply that the Jesuit theologian followed or advised his students to follow Aquinas’s philosophy uncritically. In a manuscript memo he wrote at the beginning of the 1580s in the context of the debates over the ﬁnalization of the Ratio Studiorum, he agreed that “St. ” “In these and similar instances,” Bellarmine continued, “I do not see why our Society should not desert St. ”25 In other words, for Bellarmine Thomism was the most solid basis from which to start and without which an effective defense of the Church would not be possible.
Thus, Bellarmine’s reservations on a style of controversy that simply attacks the enemy without being grounded in the basic principles of Catholic theology, or, in other words, a style of controversy that offers the pars destruens only, without providing the pars construens in addition, should be taken as an initial indication of the peculiar characteristics of Bellarmine’s Controversiae, which were not supposed to be “mere” controversies but something different. In general, the Catholic controversies of the post-Tridentine Church were sort of a new creature born out of a long and important tradition.
Second, every heresy was contagious: “As it kills one man, it infects another hundred. . ”40 On the other hand, however, the modern-day heresies were, for Bellarmine, more dangerous than previous ones not because of theological reasons but because in his own day heresy had penetrated so deeply into the social and political body of the Christian Church. The early Church had understood how important it was to separate the wheat from the chaff, and the bishops and theologians of the early Church had successfully convinced the orthodox Christian people to cut off completely any contact with the heretics.