Evaluating Signs & Symptoms by Springhouse PDF

Diagnosis

By Springhouse

This quantity of the recent Nursing Know-How sequence deals how-to counsel at the newest concepts for comparing over 250 vital signs. each one signal or symptom is gifted on a web page or two-page unfold in bulleted structure. a variety of illustrations and circulate charts supplement the text.

Know-How Nugget icons provide specialist suggestions for eliciting or assessing an indication or symptom. Case Clip icons current real-life responses to an pressing signal or symptom—the nurse's overview findings and the quick reaction team's interventions. Quick Action! icons current pressing responses to an alarming signal or symptom and interventions for heading off a life-threatening emergency.

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Extra resources for Evaluating Signs & Symptoms

Sample text

Pain may radiate to the toes and, if the patient doesn’t rest, may progress to numbness or weakness. Transverse process fractures and vertebral compression fractures Ⅲ In a transverse process fracture, severe, localized back pain occurs with muscle spasm and hematoma. Ⅲ In a vertebral compression fracture, pain may not occur for several weeks; then, back pain aggravated by weight bearing and local tenderness occurs. qxd 8/17/08 34 3:25 PM Page 34 Battle’s sign Vertebral osteoporosis Ⅲ If the cause of back pain is lifethreatening, monitor the patient closely.

Withhold food and fluids in case surgery is needed. Ⅲ Elevate the head of the bed and place a pillow under the patient’s knees. Ⅲ Fit the patient for a corset or lumbosacral support. Ⅲ Apply heat or cold therapy, backboard, foam mattress, or pelvic traction. Ⅲ In children, back pain may stem from diskitis, neoplasms, idiopathic juvenile osteoporosis, and spondylolisthesis. sign of a basilar skull fracture. In fact, this type of fracture may go undetected even by skull X-rays. If left untreated, it can be fatal because of associated injury to the nearby cranial nerves and brain stem as well as to blood vessels and the meninges.

Other causes Drugs Ⅲ Aminoglutethimide (Cytadren) may cause ataxia that disappears 4 to 6 weeks after the drug is stopped. Ⅲ Toxic levels of anticonvulsants, anticholinergics, and tricyclic antidepressants may result in ataxia. Poisoning Ⅲ Chronic arsenic poisoning may cause sensory ataxia along with headache, seizures, altered LOC, motor deficits, and muscle aches. Ⅲ Chronic mercury poisoning causes gait and limb ataxia, principally of the arms as well as dysarthria, mood changes, mental confusion, and tremors of the extremities, tongue, and lips.

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