New PDF release: Fundamentals and Data in Radiobiology, Radiation Biophysics,

Medical

By A. Kaul, J. H. Bernhardt, H. -M. Kramer (auth.), A. Kaul (eds.)

The quantity 'Medical Radiological Physics' is meant to supply the medical foundation of diagnostics and remedy in clinical radiology. the current Subvolume A studies radiation (both ionising and non-ionising) and its organic results, dosimetry in diagnostic radiology and radiotherapy, in addition to in nuclear clinical diagnostics and remedy, and, eventually, scientific radiological safeguard suitable for sufferers, team of workers and most of the people. not just basics but additionally uncomplicated information pertinent to the subjects handled were gathered via quite a few specialists of serious foreign renown.

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Extra info for Fundamentals and Data in Radiobiology, Radiation Biophysics, Dosimetry and Medical Radiological Protection

Sample text

The energy transferred by photons as described in eq. 10) is with secondary electrons and, in a first approximation, absorbed locally except for bremsstrahlung (radiative yield, see Sect. 3). e. the (local) energy deposition. A more detailed discussion of locally absorbed energy dose will be given in Sects. 1. 1-9 μ/ρ μen/ρ 2 10 1 10 100 10–1 –2 10 10–3 –2 –1 10 10 0 1 10 10 2 10 Photon energy (MeV) Fig. 10. The difference between mass attenuation coefficients and mass energy transfer coefficients in water.

Also shown are contributions of the different interaction types to the total mass attenuation coefficient. Note the absorption edges (K and L) where the atomic cross section for the photoelectric effect increases sharply (see Sect. 2). (figure adopted from [05Pod]). g. the patient). 10) with τ/ρ, σc,tr /ρ, and κ/ρ as the mass attenuation coefficients of the photoelectric effect, the energy transfer to the Compton electron (see also Sect. 3), and pair production, respectively. e. in energy Ech that is not being transferred at the point of interaction.

The sections will be treated – as far as possible - within a homogeneous structure: • Biological effects, • Risk assessment, • Recommendations for health protection and safety guidelines, • Summary. Since magnetic resonance imaging MRI has become an established diagnostic imaging modality, and diagnostic ultrasound US has been widely used in clinical medicine already for many years with increasing number of patients and new techniques with higher acoustic output, protection of patients – and in magnetic resonance imaging also of members of the staff as well as volunteers undergoing MR procedures – protective measures in MRI and application of diagnostic ultrasound, contraindications of the methods, protection of medical and technical personnel as well as of members of the general public (if indicated) are given in detail in Sect.

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