Read e-book online Help or Harm: The Human Security Effects of International PDF

Human Rights

By Amanda Murdie

When do foreign non-governmental companies like Oxfam or Human Rights Watch really paintings? Help or damage: The Human protection results of foreign NGOs solutions this query via supplying the 1st accomplished framework for realizing the results of the overseas non-governmental corporations operating within the region of human protection. not like a lot of the former literature on INGOs inside diplomacy, its theoretical concentration comprises either advocacy INGOs—such as Amnesty overseas or Greenpeace, whose most important project is getting a distinctive actor to undertake a coverage or habit according to the placement of the INGO—and provider INGOs—such as CARE or Oxfam, which concentration in most cases on items provision.

The e-book carefully and logically assesses how INGOs with heterogeneous underlying motivations engage with these different actors which are serious for advocacy and repair provision. This theoretical framework is established quantitatively on a pattern of over a hundred international locations that experience exhibited imperfect human safeguard occasions because the finish of the chilly conflict. those case-study vignettes function "reality assessments" to the game-theoretic common sense and empirical findings of the book.

Amanda Murdie reveals that INGOs may have strong results on human rights and improvement outcomes—although the impact of those organisations isn't monolithic: changes in organizational features (which mirror underlying motivations, issue-focus, and nation peculiarities) while and the place this brilliant and turning out to be strength of INGOs may be powerful members to human protection outcomes.

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Extra info for Help or Harm: The Human Security Effects of International NGOs

Sample text

INGOs in International Relations The dominant theoretical framework of INGOs within international relations, the transnational advocacy network (TAN) framework, centers on the role that INGOs play in strengthening advocacy attempts (Keck and Sikkink 1998; Risse and Ropp 1999; Ahmed and Potter 2006; Reitan 2007). Within the TAN framework, INGOs are typically viewed as potential allies for domestic groups already interested in advocacy. If state actors are not sensitive to a domestic group’s position, the domestic group seeks out INGOs to petition the state from abroad (Keck and Sikkink 1998).

Human rights treaties, like the Convention against Torture or the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, have long been criticized for their ineffective enforcement mechanisms and little power to actually require compliance (Hathaway 2002; Vreeland 2008). By signing and ratifying these treaties, however, governments in targeted states are signaling that they are responding to the human rights shaming and plan to make changes in onthe-ground practices (Risse and Sikkink 1999). However, given recent research on the ineffectiveness of human rights treaties, states may be ratifying these agreements only as a way to “camouflage” themselves against further criticism (Simmons 2009).

In general, I take a very inclusive stance here, similar to the one the UN ECOSOC took in 1950 and 1968 and has used in recent years when dealing with applications for consultative status from organizations. I refer to “international” as meaning that the organization has international interests, goals, or objectives, even if the organization is active in only a very defined and limited geographical area. This is somewhat more encompassing than the working definition used by the Union of International Associations in their definition in the Yearbook of International Organizations; they contend that an organization is international if it is “oriented to three or more countries” (UIA 2012).

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