New PDF release: Human Rights Horizons: The Pursuit of Justice in a
By Richard A. Falk
In Human Rights Horizons, one of many world's most efficient experts on human rights and overseas Relationships maps out easy methods to a extra simply and human worldwide society. Borders are being erased; democracy and capitalism are spreading. the realm is speedily altering, and those adjustments are starting the door for the advertising of human rights to turn into an essential component of globally politics and legislation. considerate and extremely accessibly written, Human Rights Horizons truly provides a route to an unique new humanitarian coverage for the twenty first century.
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Extra info for Human Rights Horizons: The Pursuit of Justice in a Globalizing World
Should the path to humane governance be increasingly one of “deinstitutionalization,” as with the downsizing operations that have been reconstituting the United Nations during the last several years? 34 A feature of global justice within the existing frame- Pursuing Global Justice 21 work of world order is the pervasive need to find a balance between contradictory pressures; most prominent among these competing pressures are: • Balancing claims of peace against claims of justice in a state’s transition from an authoritarian past to a democratic present and future; • Balancing claims of aggregate economic growth against claims of equity and environmental protection, especially in relation to the acutely disadvantaged; • Balancing claims on behalf of a free and open market against claims in support of regulation in the public interest; • Balancing claims on behalf of current human consumption against claims of fairness to future generations; • Balancing claims on behalf of institutional efficiency, constitutional tradition, and democratic consensus against claims in support of unheard and marginalized voices; • Balancing claims of geopolitical leaders to provide order against claims associated with legal and moral prohibitions on the use of nondefensive force; • Balancing claims of respect for cultural diversity against claims associated with the implementation of a universally binding framework of international human rights.
Such difficult questions suggest two conclusions: first, that the contex- Pursuing Global Justice 27 tual attributes in each instance should be thoroughly explored, and second, that the process of appraisal and controversy should be carefully nurtured to clarify the issues at stake. Economic Growth versus Social Equity During recent decades, economic policy has been increasingly shaped by neoliberal criteria that emphasize the primacy of capital efficiency in the allocation of resources. Part of this emphasis involves privatization and liberalization, in which social and economic functions shift from the public to the private sector.
Any discourse examining the prospects for global justice is treated by most realists as a waste of energy, or worse, a diverting manifestation of naïve or utopian thinking. 41 If we shift our attention to the market logic, the outlook is no more favorable with respect to the attainment of justice. ” It is hazardous to generalize the content of these ideas, but their main thrust is to favor liberalization of the economy, privatization of ownership, a minimal regulatory role for government, a stress on the most efficient return on capital, and a conviction that poverty, social distress, and even environmental deterioration are best addressed through the invisible hand of rapid economic growth and the beneficence of the private sector.