Read e-book online Intravascular Imaging: Current Applications and Research PDF
By Vasilios D. Tsakanikas, Lampros K. Michalis, Dimitrios I. Fotiadis, Katerina K. Naka, Christos V. Bourantas
Limitations of angiography, the normal invasive procedure for assessing vascular pathology, have resulted in an curiosity in replacement invasive suggestions that visualize the arterial wall and make allowance characterization of plaque variety. those replacement suggestions, which come with intravascular ultrasound, angioscopy, thermography, optical coherence tomography, close to infrared spectroscopy, and intravascular magnetic resonance imaging may be able to offer invaluable information about plaque vulnerability, the composition of plaque, and luminal morphology.
Intravascular Imaging: present purposes and learn Developments provides all on hand intravascular imaging suggestions and analyzes their impression in medical perform and learn. This e-book goals to notify scientific experts, biomedical engineers, bioinfomaticians, and researchers of present advancements and destiny tendencies in intravascular imaging thoughts, selling persisted evolution of this discipline.
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Extra resources for Intravascular Imaging: Current Applications and Research Developments
In some cases when the atherosclerotic plaque consists of very dense fibrous tissue, this can cause acoustic shadowing and the plaque can be misclassified as calcified. Echodense and mixed plaques represent the majority of the atherosclerotic plaques seen in IVUS. , 1996). Calcific deposits appear as bright echoes that obstruct the penetration of ultrasound waves resulting in an ‘acoustic shadowing’ that do not allow visualization of the underlying structures and accurate evaluation of plaque burden (Figure 4).
Stent symmetry can be calculated as: 100 x (maximum stent diameter - minimum stent diameter) / maximum stent diameter. Stent Expansion: Is the minimum stent CSA compared to a predefined reference area (proximal, distal, largest or average area). Remodeling Vascular remodeling refers to the changes in the EEM area that take place during the atherosclerotic process. The remodeling is considered as ‘positive’ or expansive when the EEM increases during plaque development and ‘negative’ or constrictive when it decreases.
Jr. (2001). ACC clinical expert consensus document, American College of Cardiology. Clinical expert consensus document on standards for acquisition, measurement and reporting of intravascular ultrasound studies (IVUS). A report of the American College of Cardiology. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 37(5). , & Vince, D. (2002). Coronary plaque classification with intravascular ultrasound radiofrequency data analysis. Circulation, 106, 2200– 2206. , Holmes, D. Jr, & Tajik, A. (1990).