Read e-book online Ionic Polymerization and Living Polymers PDF

Nonfiction 8

By Michael Szwarc, Marcel Van Beylen (auth.)

More than just an updated evaluate of ionic polymerization, this booklet offers an in-depth and demanding comparability of the anionic and cationic polymerization of vinyl monomers and heterocyclic compounds. those diversified modes of ionic polymerization are tested with reference to their means for generating residing polymers. the concept that of dwelling polymers is re-examined and redefined in gentle of present wisdom of ionic polymerization and attainable part reactions. all through, the authors supply perceptive insights into the fundamental innovations of polymerization chemistry and polymerization response mechanisms. The ebook starts off with a evaluation of ionic and radical polymerizations, the improvement of ionic polymerization, dwelling and dormant polymers, and polymerizability. It is going directly to think about vital points of the constitution and houses of ionic species; initiation and propagation of ionic polymerization; polymerization steps except initiation or propagation, akin to termination, isomerization, move, backbiting, and degraduation; and ionic copolymerization. Ionic Polymerization and dwelling Polymers is a miles wanted complex textual content that might be extensively learn and pointed out by means of polymer scientists, macromolecular chemists, and fabrics scientists.

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Chern. Soc. 70, 3115. 38. , and Marion, L. 1948. Can. J. Res. 268, 657. 39. , and Martin, H. 1955. Ang. Chern. 67,541. 40. , and Moraglio, S. 1955. J. Am. Chern. Soc. 77, 1708. 41. , and Osgan, M. 1956. J. Am. Chern. Soc. 78, 4787. 42. , and Pascon, I. 1964. J. Polym. Sci. C4, 411. , and Inoue, S. 1980. Macromolecules 14, 1162, 1166. (b) see also Ziegler, K. 1954. Belg. Pat. 533,362. 43. , and Aida, T. 1985. Am. Chern. Soc. Symp. Ser. 286, 137. 44. , and Aida, T. 1988. Macromol. 21, 1195. , and Aida, T.

K. 7. Plot of log K versus Iff for the equilibrium polymerization of a-methylstyrene. K = liCe is the equilibrium constant for the monomer-living polymer equilibrium. The living polymers are dimers, tetramers, and high molecular mass polymers, respectively. assume that Kl = K2 = . . = K; = ... K. This assumption does not affect the essential feature of this equilibrium and it leads to the relations72 : and where the subscript in refers to the initial concentrations of the monomer and the initiator, whereas e refers to their equilibrium values.

Chern. Soc. 70, 375. 61. , and Higashimura, T. 1990. Macromolecules 23, 48. 62. E. 1988. J. Macromol. Sci. A25, 499. 63. , and Van Hoyweghen, D. 1987. Macromolecules 20,445. 64. , and Szwarc, M. 1960. Makromol. Chern. 37, 39. 65. , and Matsumoto, S. 1968. J. Polym. Sci. A6, 1559. 66. , and Okamura, S. 1971. J. Polym. Sci. 89, 468. 67. , and Penczek, S. 1977. Makromol. Chern. 178, 2491. 68. V. 1965. Z. Phys. Chern. 47, 89. 69. , and Ivin, K. 1958. Q. Rev. Chern. Soc. 12,61. 70. , and Matyjaszewski, K.

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