Download e-book for kindle: Key Topics in Conservation Biology by David Macdonald, Katrina Service

Environmental Studies

By David Macdonald, Katrina Service

This significant new booklet addresses key themes in modern conservation biology. Written by means of an the world over popular workforce of authors, Key themes in Conservation Biology explores state of the art concerns in glossy biodiversity conservation, together with arguable topics resembling rarity and prioritization, clash among humans and natural world, the human element of conservation, the relevance of animal welfare, and the position of nongovernment agencies. Key themes additionally tackles the administration of flora and fauna ailments, and examines the effect of bushmeat extraction and the function of searching within the conservationist's toolbox. different essays discover uncomplicated instruments of conservation biology, resembling computing device modeling, conservation genetics, metapopulation methods, and the creative use of hi-tech gear. every one subject is explored by means of 3 best foreign specialists, assembled to convey their cross-cutting wisdom to a penetrating synthesis of the problems from either theoretical and sensible views. The interdisciplinary nature of biodiversity conservation is mirrored through the ebook. every one essay examines the elemental rules of the subject, the methodologies concerned and, crucially, the human size. during this approach, Key themes in Conservation Biology embraces the problems from state-of-the-art ecological technology to coverage, environmental economics, governance, ethics, and the sensible problems with implementation. Key themes in Conservation Biology can be a invaluable source in universities and faculties, govt departments, and conservation businesses. it's aimed relatively at senior undergraduate and graduate scholars in conservation biology and flora and fauna administration, and people taking Masters levels in any box correct to conservation. Conservation practitioners, policy-makers, and the broader normal public wanting to comprehend extra approximately very important environmental matters also will locate this booklet priceless.

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Second, some species affect their physical environment, and this in turn modulates the resources that are available to others. These species, termed ‘ecosystem engineers’ by Jones et al. (1994), often have dramatic and powerful effects on the environment, so the consequences of their extinction can be expected to be far-reaching. Two kinds of engineers were defined by Jones et al. g. g. burrowing animals such as the long-haired rat, noted above) (Fig. 2). Let us consider two examples of the effects of losing engineer species.

This manifests itself in confusion about how much of each ecosystem needs to be conserved to protect biodiversity adequately in a region. In contrast, for the better known single species, the issue of adequacy can be dealt with using population viability analysis and/or harvesting models (Beissinger & Westphal 1998; this volume, Chapter 15). Systematic conservation planning Systematic conservation planning (or gap-analysis in the USA: Scott et al. 1993) focuses on locating and designing protected areas that comprehensively represent the biodiversity of each region.

B. & Kent, J. (2000): Biodiversity Hot spots for Conservation Priorities. H. M. (1995) Empirical evidence that declining biodiversity may alter the perform ance of terrestrial ecosystems. Philosophical Trans actions of the Royal Society of London, Series B 347: 249 62. A. T. (2003)World Wide Web buzz about biodiversity. Conservation Biology 17(6): 1475 6. L. (1984) The Value of Conserving Genetic Resources. Sinauer Associates, Sunderland, MA. F. M. (2000) Ecological basis of extinction risk in birds: Habitat loss versus human persecution and introduced predators.

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