New PDF release: Landslides from Massive Rock Slope Failure (NATO Science

Environmental Studies

By Stephen G. Evans, Gabriele Scarascia Mugnozza, Alexander Strom, Reginald L. Hermanns

This certain quantity includes papers in response to shows and discussions on the NATO complex study Workshop on significant Rock Slope Failure; New versions for risk overview held in Celano, Italy in June 2002. 32 papers by way of sixty four engineers, geologists, and geomorphologists from sixteen international locations handle the problem of landslides from vast rock slope failure and linked phenomena (landslide tsunamis and landslide dams). Authors comprise a number of the world’s prime experts at the topic. among the thematic subject matters mentioned are international frequency, affects on society, research of preliminary rock slope failure, tracking of rock slope stream, research and modeling of post-failure behaviour, volcanic landslides, and affects of big rock slope failure at the geomorphological evolution of mountain areas. nearby contributions comprise reviews on rockslides and rock avalanches in Norway, western Canada, the Andes of Argentina, the Karakoram Himalaya, the ecu Alps, the Appennines, and the mountains of primary Asia. Rockslides and rock avalanches within the important Asian republics of the previous Soviet Union are mentioned intimately for the 1st time in an English-language publication. those landslides comprise the 1911 Usoi rockslide, that dammed seventy five km-long Lake Sarez, and the 1949 Khait rock avalanche which can have killed as much as 28,000 humans. either landslides have been earthquake-triggered and either can be found in Tajikistan. an extra spotlight is an in depth description and research of large-scale man made rock avalanches brought on through underground nuclear explosions through the checking out programme of the previous Soviet Union. the quantity is a contribution to defining the state of the art in threat evaluate for large rock slope failure and to international wisdom of the incidence of landslides from substantial rock slope failure in time and house. it truly is devoted to the reminiscence of famous Italian engineering geologist Professor Edoardo Semenza (1927-2002).

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5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. A. G. V. ), Catastrophic landslides: effects, occurrence, and mechanisms, Geol. Soc. Am. Rev. Eng. , v. XV, pp. 379-400. Abele, G. (1974) Bergstürze in den Alpen, ihre Verbeitung, Morphologie und Folgeerscheinungen, Wissensch. Alpenverein 25, 1-230. Abele, G. (1997) Rockslide movement supported by the mobilization of groundwater-saturated valley floor sediments, Zeits. für Geomorph. 41, 1-20. Adams, J. (1981) Earthquake-dammed lakes in New Zealand, Geology 9, 215-219.

At least 2,423 people lost their lives. Landslide dams have also been documented from many parts of the Himalayas [36, 108, 111, 144, 145, 146, 147, 148, 210, 332]. Three dramatic examples of landslide dam formation and failure are documented from the nineteenth century, viz. landslide dams on the Indus (1840 - 1841), which created the First Great Indus Flood of Mason [210], 1929, Hunza (1858), which created the Second Great Indus Flood of Mason [210], 1929, and the Gohna landslide (1893-94; [122, 150]).

Vol. 108m3) in the North Fork of the Toutle River by the delayed transformation of the flank collapse rock avalanche [175]. Scott [274] notes that it was formed by the dewatering of the avalanche deposit and slumping and 25 erosion of its surface after a delay of about 5 hours. Flow velocity ranged from 6-12 m/s. Significant volumes of ice and snow may be contained in the intitial failure volume on snow/ice clad volcanoes and their melting contributes to the downstream transformation of flank collapse avalanches into long run-out lahars that may travel more than 100 km in valleys draining the source volcano [207].

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