New PDF release: Life-Course Smoking Behavior: Patterns and National Context
By Dean R. Lillard, Rebekka Christopoulou
Regardless of efforts to lessen tobacco use, worldwide tobacco habit continues to be as powerful as ever. Smoking premiums are declining very slowly in complex international locations, and they're expanding within the constructing global. but, researchers nonetheless don't absolutely comprehend what drives smoking decisions.
Life-Course Smoking Behavior offers smoking trajectories of other generations of girls and males from ten of the world's such a lot seen nations, with nation-specific consultant samples spanning greater than 80 years of modern heritage. To encourage hypotheses at the determinants of smoking habit, the authors position those facts in monetary, political, social, and cultural contexts, which range tremendously either throughout nations at a selected time and through the years in a given nation.
Though major learn has been carried out on smoking statistics and tobacco keep watch over guidelines, such a lot descriptions of smoking habit depend upon cross-sectional "snapshot" info that don't tune participants' conduct all through their lifespan. Lillard and Christopoulou's paintings is a different and useful textual content in its comparative life-course method, making it an extended past due supplement to the present literature.
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Extra info for Life-Course Smoking Behavior: Patterns and National Context in Ten Countries
Paul Hogan’s reign as the television face of Australian smokers ended by 1976, when the Commonwealth Government banned advertising of cigarettes on radio and television. , 1995). During the same period, governments regulated who could buy and where Australians could consume tobacco. By 1917, every state had made it illegal to sell tobacco to juveniles—typically defined to be those younger than the age of 16 years (The Free Library, 1998). Later, this age was increased to 18 years (Walker, 1984).
Unsurprisingly, as the regulatory burden on tobacco increased, smokers also changed their behavior. In the face of increased taxes and tobacco license fees, groups formed to legally evade them. ” to buy cigarettes overseas. , 1995). This type of behavior is likely to become more common because the Commonwealth, state, and territory governments plan to increase taxes. The joint federal–state National Tobacco Strategy (NTS 2012-2018), endorsed in November 2012, aims to increase the price of cigarettes as its number 3 priority, behind the battle with big tobacco and stronger mass media campaigns.
3 Change in smoking prevalence rate with age by birth cohort. Source: Household, Income, and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) Survey. 2007. Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, University of Melbourne. 40 percent, respectively, were smoking at age 20. But, in cohorts aged 40 years and older, by age 30 and after, the smoking prevalence rates did not substantially differ in any year. This perhaps surprising conclusion suggests that these middle cohorts of Australian women faced conditions that affected their initiation behavior but not their quitting behavior.