Living Cities in Japan: Citizens' Movements, Machizukuri and - download pdf or read online

By André Sorensen, Carolin Funck

Over the final fifteen years neighborhood voters' hobbies have unfold quickly all through Japan. Created with the purpose of bettering the standard of the neighborhood surroundings, and of environmental administration strategies, such actions are greatly often called machizukuri, and symbolize a major improvement in neighborhood politics and concrete administration in Japan.

This quantity examines the expansion and nature of such civil society participation in neighborhood city and environmental governance, elevating vital questions on the altering roles of and family among relevant and native govt, and among electorate and the country, in coping with shared areas. The machizukuri approaches studied the following will be obvious because the concentration of an immense rising pattern towards elevated civic participation in handling procedures of city swap in Japan. The members offer a complete review of the machizukuri phenomenon via exam not just of idea and heritage, but in addition of case reports illustrating actual adjustments within the associations of position making and neighbourhood governance.

Living towns in Japan may be of specific price to readers attracted to social, city, geographical and environmental reports.

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Over the past fifteen years neighborhood electorate' pursuits have unfold speedily all through Japan. Created with the purpose of bettering the standard of the neighborhood atmosphere, and of environmental administration methods, such actions are generally known as machizukuri, and characterize a major improvement in neighborhood politics and concrete administration in Japan.

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Der Klimawandel und die daraus resultierenden Auswirkungen auf Gesundheit, Umwelt und Gesellschaft werden in den nächsten Jahren sowohl lokal wie auch international wichtige Fragen sein, auf die Antworten gefunden werden müssen. Das Buch führt anhand der wesentlichen Aspekte der direkten und indirekten klimawandelbedingten Gesundheitsfolgen in das Thema „Klimawandel und Gesundheit“ ein.

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Asian Survey. 41(5): 865–895. Cooke, Bill and Kothari, Uma. (2001). Participation: The New Tyranny? London and New York: Zed Books. Cullingworth, J. Barry and Nadin, Vincent. (1994). Town and Country Planning in Britain. London: Routledge. Davidoff, Paul. (1965). Advocacy and Pluralism in Planning. Journal of the American Institute of Planners. 21(4). 30 André Sorensen and Carolin Funck Davies, John K. and Kelly, Michael P. (1993). Healthy Cities: Research and Practice. London and New York: Routledge.

With regard to city planning, and environmental management more generally, however, governance authority remained much more centralized (Sorensen 2002; Mulgan 2004; Ishida 2006). Local governments have long been tightly constrained by central government controls over finance, legal frameworks, and staffing, and have scant legal autonomy with which to pursue independent policy directions (Steiner et al. 1980; Masumi 1988: 298; Allinson 1997). As Ishida (2006) shows, until the major reforms of 1999, urban planning was still considered a national government matter, not one for local government.

The major challenges are to gain both citizens’ and property owners’ support for historic preservation, and to change local government policy. Here the participatory process created by local government led to the emergence of a civil society organization that directly opposes the statutory local plan, and has begun to mobilize support to change it, illustrating nicely the creative collision of city planning and machizukuri introduced by Watanabe. The next chapter by Shizuka Hashimoto focuses on the institutional legacies of Japan’s most widespread citizens’ groups, the neighborhood associations (NAs).

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