Download e-book for iPad: Living with Biodiversity in an Island Ecosystem: Cultural by Takuo Furusawa
By Takuo Furusawa
This ebook provides an in depth case examine of ecological and cultural interactions among the folks and their usual setting at Roviana Lagoon, Solomon Islands, a land of wealthy biodiversity. This quantity records the subsistence way of life of the folk and their indigenous ecological wisdom, analyzes the consequences of modern socioeconomic adjustments at the humans and atmosphere, and proposes destiny instructions for sustainability. The contents were designed to respond to questions resembling, “What sorts of elements have decided even if present human activities are sustainable or will lead to a cave in of biocultural range within the Solomon Islands?”; “How do Solomon Islanders realize nature and biodiversity conservation in conventional methods or less than socioeconomic changes?”; and “How can concord among people and nature be completed within the Solomon Islands below altering socioeconomic conditions?” a really transdisciplinary procedure is utilized, integrating theories of human ecology, quantitative ethnobiology, and folks ecology and strategies of plants surveys, ethnographic fieldwork, distant sensing, and well-being surveys, with a purpose to hyperlink assorted domain names of people and the wildlife. additionally, this paintings makes a speciality of the significance of figuring out of range not just in ordinary environments, but in addition in human societies, and may be a invaluable resource for lots of, specifically ecologists, anthropologists, conservation practitioners, and rural improvement planners.
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Extra info for Living with Biodiversity in an Island Ecosystem: Cultural Adaptation in the Solomon Islands
Sm Smilax zeylanica L. Gomphandra montana (G. J. ) J. Sinclair Calophyllum kajewskii A. C. Sm. Amoora cucullata Roxb. Parinari salomonensis C. T. White Podocarpus neriifolius D. Don Parinari glaberrima Hassk. Syzygium sp. ) Frodin Roviana name Unknown Kokeqolo Bunibuni Gaekubo Tila Pidiki Romo Hioko soloso Valo No. in 1/4 ha quadrats 37 19 10 10 10 9 8 7 7 Bolava Hioko One Bebeu Kureu Suri Unknown Zazalagaba 6 6 4 3 3 3 3 3 Arosopatu Hapehape baruku Kaŋana 2 2 2 Lomalomata Unknown Vao E’ehara Horehore Lulua Malutita Mou Tita Tivativa Vokuvoku 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 several Commersonia bartramia (zamara) plants and a pioneer species, white beech (qoliti: Gmelina moluccana).
People were introduced to the concept of a cash economy during the nineteenth century through trade of copra, turtle shells, trochus, and ivory nuts; later, the influence of cash economy expanded through the development of coconut plantations and copra production until the 1980s (Hviding and Bayliss-Smith 2000). Since the 1980s, royalty payments from logging and wage labor provided by logging camps became the main sources of cash income, and the economic impact of logging along with the increased importation of stable foods allowed people to depend on imported rice and flours.
M. Perry Glochidion sp. Oxymitra macrantha Hemsl. Syzygium onesimum Merr. and L. M. ) J. Sinclair Vitex cofassus Reinw. ex Blume Pometia pinnata J. R. Forst. and G. Forst. Neonauclea spp. , D. hebecarpa A. Cunn. ex Benth. Syzygium sp. ) R. A. Howard Geniostoma rupestre J. R. Forst. and G. Forst. Syzygium sp. Ficus spp. Unidentified Gnetum latifolium Blume Amoora cucullata Roxb. Horsfieldia polyantha Warb. Alstonia spectabilis R. Br. Roviana name Kokeqolo Puza Vola Pidiki E’ehara Vasara Qema Vosevose Gaemuho No.