Download e-book for kindle: Mexico Beyond NAFTA: Perspectives for the European Debate by Lionella Punzo

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By Lionella Punzo

With ecu financial Union good underway, Europe is beginning to examine within sight international locations and culturally nearer continents to outline its ideas for the longer term. during this publication, chapters by means of major Mexican economists are matched with reactions from eu colleagues. they give a unique perspective at the serious evaluate of the North American loose alternate zone (NAFTA) strategy, and its implications for the economies of the 2 continents.

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Extra resources for Mexico Beyond NAFTA: Perspectives for the European Debate (Routledge Studies in the Modern World Economy)

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Recent empirical evidence confirms that most economic time series are non-stationary, which indicates the existence of exogenous shocks that include permanent and transitory effects. For example, Blanchard and Quah (1989), King, Plosser, Stock and Watson (1991), Gali (1992) and Daniel (1997) argue that most of the variance on the US GDP is due to permanent shocks associated with productivity or oil price changes. There is also evidence of a convergence process in the GDP of industrialized countries adjusted for the effects of different kinds of shocks.

3 See Hanke et al. (1993), Hanke and Schuler (1993), Humpage and McIntire (1995), and IMF (1997). 4 In the same manner that there is no truly clean float of the exchange rate, currency boards too do not entirely eliminate the lender of last resort function of the central bank. 5 One of the most recent analyses of the convenience of renouncing the future use of certain economic policy instruments, in pursuit of gaining credibility, can be found in Giavazzi and Pagano (1998). 6 M-3, which includes banknotes, checking accounts and short-term bank and non-bank instruments, amounted to approximately 1,150 trillion pesos in December of 1998, that is, 110 trillion dollars.

Et al. (eds) Currency Convertibility: The Gold Standard and Beyond, London: Routledge. Eichengreen, B. and Frieden, J. (eds) (1998) Forging an Integrated Europe, Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press. Garber, P. and Svensson, L. (1995) ‘The operation and collapse of fixed exchange rate regimes’, in Grossman, G. and Rogoff, K. (eds) Handbook of International Economics, Vol. , 1865–912. Giavazzi, F. and Pagano, M. (1998) ‘The advantage of tying one’s hands: EMS discipline and central bank credibility’, European Economic Review 32, June: 1055–82.

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