Neurolinguistics and Linguistic Aphasiology: An Introduction - download pdf or read online


By David N. Caplan

This textbook presents a entire creation to the rising fields of neurolinguistics and linguistic aphasiology. Reflecting the dramatic alterations that experience taken position within the learn of language issues during the last decade, David Caplan's procedure is firmly interdisciplinary. He introduces techniques from the most contributing disciplines - neurology, linguistics, psychology and speech pathology - in the sort of method that they're going to be in actual fact understood via all scholars, no matter what their specific historical past. the themes lined were conscientiously chosen to illustrate how the extra subtle topical neurolinguistic ways have built from conventional scientific types. The severe and distinctive dialogue of the entire major theoretical matters within the fields makes this a primary paintings not just for college kids but additionally for experts.

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Thus, in most cases, a lesion will affect both these functions. However, on occasion, a lesion will spare enough of one region to allow one of these functions to escape disruption. The co-occurrence of symptoms because of the anatomical basis for language is similar to the co-occurrence of symptoms for chance reasons, insofar as both of these explanations for symptom groupings invoke an anatomical explanation. In the case of chance co-occurrence, the anatomical determinants of a set of symptoms are idiosyncratic, either because of the peculiarities of a lesion (such as, for instance, a case of multiple emboli in which many areas of the brain might be damaged) or because of some peculiarity in the organization of language functions within the brain in a particular patient (such as an early lesion leading to a cerebral reorganization of functions).

Arguments from dissociations vary with respect to the detail of the functions which are described, in the same way as arguments from associations. For instance, 36 Approaches dissociations between language functions and visual-spatial functions have been described in many publications. At a more detailed level, very particular language-related processes have been dissociated from others. For instance, some patients seem to be able to read whole words, recognizing them directly from their visual form, but are unable to use the individual letters of a word to arrive at the sound of a word.

The abnormal behavior may be something new, caused by the lesion. We shall see in Chapter 13 that certain analyses of one variety of sound errors made by aphasic patients in fact assume that the brain damage causes a new function to be superimposed upon existing language abilities. It has also been suggested that brain lesions serve to allow the expression of functions which are usually suppressed or inhibited. As we have seen, the work of Jackson was the first to stress this possibility, and his ideas have been developed by a number of investigators (Brown 1979).

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